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Der Bürgerrechtler Anna Hazare versucht, mit Hungerstreiks die Korruption in Indien zu bekämpfen. Zehntausende Inder unterstützen ihn dabei und setzen. Aug. Nach 13 Fastentagen hat der indische Aktivist Hazare seine Hungeraktion mit Erfolg beendet. Das Parlament erklärte, auf die Forderungen. Kisan Baburao Hazare (Marathi: किसन बापट बाबुराव हजारे, Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Aussprache, * Juni oder in Bhingar in der damaligen .

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Aug. Der 74 Jahre alte „Anna“ Hazare arbeitet in Indien daran, die Regierung in Neu Delhi in die Knie zu zwingen. Vielleicht sogar das ganze. Aug. Der indische Anti-Korruptions-Kämpfer Anna Hazare ist am Freitag aus dem Gefängnis in Neu Delhi freigelassen worden. Menschenmassen. Der Siegeszug des indischen Aktivisten Anna Hazare ist ein Phänomen. Seit Jahrzehnten hat niemand so die Massen mobilisieren können wie der Jährige .{/PREVIEW}

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The government, however, proved reluctant to punish those involved. In protest, Hazare began a hunger strike that, together with other forms of activism, spurred the government eventually to remove hundreds of corrupt functionaries from their positions.

Hazare and others made efforts for years to raise public awareness on the issue, but without tangible results. Twelve days later the draft legislation was enacted.

The Maharashtra law served as the model for the national Right to Information Act that was passed by parliament in Hazare continued to push for greater government accountability.

Activists wanted the ombudsman to be able to investigate corruption at all levels. In April Hazare began another hunger strike to further these demands, and after several days the government agreed to consult with anticorruption activists on the law.

The bill that was presented to parliament in early August , however, left out several key demands, including the stipulation that the watchdog organization be empowered to investigate and prosecute cases involving the prime minister , senior members of the judiciary, and members of parliament.

To protest the perceived weakness of the draft legislation, Hazare announced on August 16 that he would begin another public hunger strike of indefinite length; shortly afterward he was arrested and jailed to prevent him from fasting more than three days without a permit.

After negotiating with the police, an agreement was reached that allowed Hazare to fast for up to 15 days as part of a public protest in a park in Delhi.

He halted it after the parliament passed a resolution agreeing in principle to several key demands, including that the Lokpal be allowed to investigate top officials and that an anticorruption unit be established in every Indian state.

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Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Mahatma Gandhi , Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.

Rich farmers, or those with surplus grain production, could donate a quintal to the bank. In times of need, farmers could borrow the grain, but they had to return the amount of grain they borrowed, plus an additional quintal as an interest.

This ensured that nobody in the village ever went hungry or had to borrow money to buy grain. This also prevented distress sales of grain at lower prices at harvest time.

Ralegan Siddhi is located in the foothills, so Hazare persuaded villagers to construct a watershed embankment and associated works to stop water and allow it to percolate and increase the ground water level and improve irrigation in the area.

These efforts solved the problem of water scarcity in the village and made irrigation possible. Cultivation of water-intensive crops like sugarcane was banned.

Crops such as pulses , oilseeds , and certain cash crops with low water requirements replaced them. The farmers started growing high-yield varieties and changed cropping pattern.

Hazare has helped farmers of more than 70 villages in drought-prone regions in the state of Maharashtra since In , Ralegan Siddhi got its first formal school, a single classroom primary school.

By , out of an estimated population of 1,, only Boys moved to the nearby towns of Shirur and Parner to pursue higher education, but girls were limited to primary education.

Hazare, along with the youth of Ralegan Siddhi, worked to increase literacy rates and education levels. In they started a pre-school and a high school in The villagers formed a charitable trust , the Sant Yadavbaba Shikshan Prasarak Mandal , which was registered in The social barriers and discrimination that existed due to the caste system in India have been largely eliminated by Ralegan Siddhi villagers.

It was Hazare's moral leadership that motivated and inspired the villagers to shun untouchability and caste discrimination.

Marriages of Dalits are held as part of community marriage program together with those of other castes. The Dalits have become integrated into the social and economic life of the village.

The upper caste villagers built houses for the lower caste Dalits by shramdaan and helped to repay their loans. The Gandhian philosophy on rural development considers the Gram Sabha as an important democratic institution for collective decision-making in the villages of India.

The state government initially refused, but eventually gave in to public pressure. It became mandatory to seek the sanction of the Gram Sabha an assembly of all village adults, and not just the few elected representatives in the gram panchayat for expenditures on development works in the village.

In the same year he protested against the collusion between 40 forest officials and timber merchants.

This protest resulted in the transfer and suspension of these officials. Hazare wrote a letter to then chief minister Manohar Joshi demanding Gholap's removal for his role in alleged malpractices in the Awami Merchant Bank.

He ended his fast on 17 August after then chief minister Sushil Kumar Shinde formed a one-man commission headed by the retired justice P. Sawant to probe his charges.

The report exonerated Vijaykumar Gavit. Jain and Malik resigned from the cabinet in March Three trusts headed by Anna Hazare were also indicted in the P.

In the early s Hazare led a movement in Maharashtra state which forced the state government to enact a revised Maharashtra Right to Information Act.

It also ensured that the President of India assented to this new Act. On 20 July the Union Cabinet amended the Right to Information Act to exclude the file noting by the government officials from its purview.

Hazare began his fast unto death on 9 August in Alandi against the proposed amendment. He ended his fast on 19 August , after the government agreed to change its earlier decision.

Before in the state of Maharashtra, honest government officers were transferred to other places according to ministerial wish, while some corrupt and favoured officials stayed put for decades.

Anna fought hard for a law whereby a government servant must clear a file within a specified time and that transfers must take place only after three years.

After many years of Anna's relentless efforts, on 25 May Maharashtra issued a notification announcing the Prevention of Delay in Discharge of Official Duties Act This act provided for disciplinary action against officials who move files slowly and enabled monitoring of officials who overstay a post, and for involvement in a corrupt nexus.

This act mandated the government to effect transfers of all government officers and employees, except Class IV workers, no sooner and no later than three years, except in emergency or exceptional circumstances.

Maharashtra was the first state to have introduced such an act. Article 47 of India's Constitution commits the State to raise the standard of living, improve public health and prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs injurious to health.

In Maharashtra rolled out a grain-based liquor policy aimed to encourage production of liquor from food grain in light of the rising demand for spirits—used for industrial purposes and liquor.

It issued 36 licenses for distilleries for making alcohol from food grains. Anna Hazare opposed the government's policy to promote making liquor from food grains.

He argued that Maharashtra had to import food and referring to food grains observed that promoting producing liquor from food grains was nappropriate.

On 20 August Maharashtra stopped the policy. However, distilleries sanctioned before that date and those who started production within two years of sanction were entitled for subsidies.

On 5 May court refused to hear the suit, saying, "not before me, this is a court of law, not a court of justice" as a reason for not hearing the plea.

Sangeet Rao, stated that no law existed to scrap these licences. In , Hazare participated in the satyagraha movement campaigning for the passing a stronger anti-corruption Lokpal ombudsman bill in the Indian parliament.

The draft incorporated more stringent provisions and gave wider power to the Lokpal than the government's draft. Hazare began an " indefinite fast " [68] on 5 April at Jantar Mantar in Delhi as part of the campaign to form a joint committee comprising government and civil society representatives.

He wanted this committee to draft a bill that had more stringent penal provisions and gave more independence to the Lokpal and Lokayukta s ombudsmen in the states.

The fast came after his demand was rejected by the prime minister, Manmohan Singh. The movement attracted attention in the media, and thousands of supporters.

Almost people reportedly joined Hazare in his fast. People showed support in social media. On 8 April the Government accepted the movement's demands.

On 9 April it issued a notification in the Gazette of India on formation of a joint committee. It accepted the formula that it should be co-chaired by a politician and social activist.

The notification stated, "The Joint Drafting Committee shall consist of five nominee ministers of the Government of India and five nominees of the civil society.

The five non-politician nominees were Anna Hazare, N. On the morning of 9 April Hazare ended his hour hunger strike. He addressed the people and set a deadline of 15 August to pass the bill.

Real fight begins now. We have a lot of struggle ahead of us in drafting the new legislation, We have shown the world in just five days that we are united for the cause of the nation.

The youth power in this movement is a sign of hope. Hazare said that if the bill did not pass he would call for a mass nation-wide agitation. Hazare threatened on 28 July to proceed with his fast-unto-death from the next day on the Jan Lokpal Bill issue.

He also stated that country's future is not safe in the hands of Congress and BJP and he would campaign in the coming elections for those with clean background.

During the meeting of the joint drafting committee on 30 May , the Union government members opposed the inclusion of the prime minister, higher judiciary and the acts of the MPs under the purview of the JanLokpal in the draft bill.

Hazare and other civil society members decided to boycott 6 June drafting committee meeting to protest the forcible eviction of Swami Ramdev and his followers by the Delhi Police from Ramlila Maidan on 5 June , while they were on a hunger strike against black money and corruption and doubting the government's seriousness.

On 6 June , the civil society members wrote to Mukherjee, explaining reasons for their absence and also asking government to go public on the major issues.

They also decided to attend only future meetings that were telecast live. He also criticised the Government for putting hurdles in front of the Bill and for maligning the civil society members.

On 28 July the union cabinet approved a draft of the Lokpal Bill, which kept the Prime Minister, judiciary and lower bureaucracy out of the ombudsman's ambit.

Hazare rejected the government version by describing it as "cruel joke" and wrote a letter to Singh announcing his decision to begin an indefinite fast from 16 August at Jantar Mantar, if the government introduced its own version of the bill without taking suggestions from civil society members.

Why are you government sending the wrong draft? We have faith in Parliament. But first send the right draft, our agitation is against government, not Parliament.

The government has overlooked many points. How will it fight corruption by excluding government employees, CBI and prime minister from the Lokpal's purview?

We were told that both the drafts would be sent to the Cabinet. But only the government's draft was sent. This is a deceitful government.

How will they run the country? Now I have no trust in this government. If it is really serious about fighting corruption, why is it not bringing government employees and CBI under Lokpal?

Within twenty four hours of cabinet's endorsement of a weak Lokpal Bill, over ten thousand people from across the country sent faxes directly to the government demanding a stronger bill.

On 1 August , Public interest litigation was filed in the Supreme Court of India by Hemant Patil, a Maharashtra-based social worker and businessman, to restrain Hazare, alleging that Hazare's demands were unconstitutional and amounted to interference in the legislative process.

On 16 August , Hazare was arrested, four hours before the planned indefinite hunger strike. Later in the afternoon, Hazare refused bail.

The magistrate dispatched him to Tihar jail for seven days. Opposition parties came out against the arrest, likening the government action to the emergency imposed in the country in Both houses of Parliament adjourned over the issue.

After four hours in detention he was released unconditionally on a request by the police, but refused to leave Tihar Jail. After his arrest, Hazare received support from people across the country.

There were reports of "nearly demonstrations and protests by Anna supporters across the country". On 20 August thousands came to show their support for Hazare, [] while "his advisers made television appearances to rally public support and defend themselves against criticism that their protest campaign and refusal to compromise is undermining India's parliamentary process.

He [Hazare] has the right to protest and dissent. But nobody can claim it as an absolute right and deny the right of dissent to others. The Congress party confirmed that Maharashtra Additional Chief Secretary Home Umesh Chandra Sarangi who has a history of mediating between Hazare and officials was meeting with him again "to find points of consensus and defuse the situation".

Despite this he stated, "I will not withdraw my hunger strike until the Jan Lokpal bill is passed in the Parliament. I can die but I will not bend.

He was admitted to Medanta Medicity, Gurgaon for post-fast care. A judge noted that there was no public interest in the petition.

In , Hazare demanded an amendment to the electoral law to incorporate the option of None of the above in the electronic voting machines during the Indian elections.

He is expecting to address various issues, including electoral reforms such as the right to reject a candidate.

Their basic job was to disturb national security. The example of Ajay Chautala now convicted for corruption was cited as " In effect, Anna and his team are campaigning for Ajay Chautala effectively the first candidate put up for election by the India Against Corruption movement ".

In a press conference in April , Hazare praised Narendra Modi , the chief minister of Gujarat and Nitish Kumar , chief minister of Bihar for their efforts on rural development, saying that other chief ministers should emulate them.

He urged Modi to appoint a Lokayukta. He also commented that the media had projected an incorrect image of Vibrant Gujarat. The government of the state of Maharashtra instituted a Commission of Inquiry under Justice PB Sawant in September to enquire into allegations of corruption against several people, including four ministers in the state as well as the "Hind Swaraj Trust" headed by Hazare.

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Einst ein glühender Patriot, trat der schmächtige, kleine Mann dann Anfang der er Jahre in die Armee ein und wurde im Krieg gegen Pakistan als Fahrer eingesetzt. Indien hält einige traurige Rekorde. Das Parlament will nun seine Vorschläge aufnehmen - doch Hazare fastet weiter. Immer auf dem Laufenden Sie haben Post! In richtigem - nicht amerikanisiertem Deutsch -. Deutschland Juden formieren sich in der AfD Er sollte es wissen: Doch ihre Chancen, dort Asyl zu erhalten, sind gleich null. Für den allgemeinen Informationsauftrag sollte also die Angabe "1,22 Milliarden", hinreichend genau sein.{/ITEM}

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